کتاب روزنکرانتز و گیلدنسترن مرده اند

اثر تام استاپارد از انتشارات نیلوفر - مترجم: مصطفی اسلامیه-ادبیات اقتباسی

منتقدین تا کنون مطالب بسیاری در ستایش این رمان نوشته‌اند، برخی آن را شاهکار خانم آتوود و یکی از مهمترین رمانهای پایان قرن بیستم دانسته‌اند. این اثر در سال 1996 منتشر شد. نشریه تایم آن را رمانی مرموز و افسون کننده توصیف کرد، واشنگتن پست نوشت نثر به کار رفته در آن الماس‌گون و کل اثر دارای زمینه‌ای روان‌شناسانه و مسحورکننده است، و درواقع کاوش ارزنده است در زوایای احساس و طبیعت زن، آن‌سان که می‌تواند بافلوبر هم‌سنگ باشد.


خرید کتاب روزنکرانتز و گیلدنسترن مرده اند
جستجوی کتاب روزنکرانتز و گیلدنسترن مرده اند در گودریدز

معرفی کتاب روزنکرانتز و گیلدنسترن مرده اند از نگاه کاربران
This is an extraordinary reconstruction of the life of Grace Marks, a domestic servant who was convicted of the double murder of her employers in Canada in the 1840s. In framing the story around her interviews with a young doctor interested in making his name by proving her innocence, Atwood is able to avoid committing herself on the degree of Graces guilt and complicity while exploring a range of wider social issues.

The doctors troubled relationship with his deserted landlady is interwoven around the main story - many of the essential dilemmas are the same as those Grace faced.

I did find the denouement a little unsatisfactory (view spoiler)[ - Grace is exposed to a form of mesmerism and speaks in a schizophrenic voice as if possessed by her dead friend Mary, who claims to have instigated everything, and the happy ending seemed a little unconvincing. (hide spoiler)].

I was struck several times by parallels with His Bloody Project, which explores similar territory between social history, fiction and criminal psychology.

Overall this is a very impressive novel that pushes the boundaries of historical fiction.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
The Handmaids Tale and the Blind Assassin were my previous Atwood reads and while I understand her alpha-author status in Canada and international reputation, her works just do not quite blow my mind enough to turn me into an obsessive Atwood completist. Before I decided to read Alias Grace it had been on my shelf for three years gathered enough dust to sculpt a dust bunny the size of an actual rabbit. I feel the same about A.S Byatt... no reason, no discernible malaise directed at these two lauded lady writers although while Im on the subject of lady writers, did you know that A.S Byatt is Margaret Drabbles sister?! Ah the powers of google, feeding extra computer facts into my non-computer brain.

The Alias Grace in question is Grace Marks. Reputed murderess of the 1840s, this Canadian killer was a cause celebre for a number of years. Murderous Georgian ladies were uncommon so got a lot of press. Grace got a lot of press because she was young and pretty too, thus leaving a lot of the puritanical religious minded community to pause for thought when it came to considering what the perceived face of evil might really look like. Grace Marks and her alleged paramour, stable hand James McDermott were charged with the murder of their employer Thomas Kinnear and his housekeeper/lover Nancy Montgomery after which they fled to the United States while dressed in the garb of the murder victims. Nothing says crazy like playing dress-up in corpse clothes.

In the true tradition of all the best murder mysteries, there were a lot of question marks over whodunnit or to be more precise, who exactly did what to who and when. The trial was well documented and although McDermott was hanged for his crime, Grace escaped the noose and went on to live alternately in a penitentiary and a lunatic asylum depending on her state of mind at any given time.

Atwood subtly adapts this tale of murder most horrid by giving a voice to Grace Marks and allowing her to tell her story. Atwood freely admits that where there were uncertainties or blanks in the historic record, she gave her imagination free reign, but she could not stretch the truth too far or the story would not seem remotely credible. The historic jury is still out on whether or not Grace committed the crimes, either knowingly, unknowingly in a state delerium tremens (or some other mysterious lady-condition identified as nerves or a delicate constitution back in the bad old days) or not at all. The addition of quack-esque doctor Simon Jordan is also an excellent touch as his moral and mental decline throughout the tale stands in stark contrast to Graces seemingly robust and sanguine nature.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Another excellent novel from the pen of Margaret Atwood – this is her masterly, fictionalised retelling of the life of Grace Marks and the part that she allegedly may or may not have played in the murders of Thomas Kinnear and Nancy Montgomery.

The story takes place in the early to mid-19th Century and is written for the most part around Grace Marks supposed retelling of her life story to the fictional Dr Simon Jordan – events unfolds to the reader as they are told to Dr Jordan. This includes Grace’s childhood in Ireland, her subsequent traumatic emigration to Canada and a life in service prior to events concerning the murders and her eventual incarceration. Atwood paints as usual a fascinating picture, which is not only compelling but has an all pervading air of authenticity throughout. Interesting too is the developing (imagined) relationship between Jordan and Marks and the effect that their interviews together have on each other.

Dr Jordan is an aspiring and ambitious scientist – and due to the time in which the story takes place, this is a world of proto psychology, embryonic psychiatry – both very much in their infancy. It is also the parallel world of séances, possession, mesmerism, exorcism, and neuro-hypnotism – the difference between the two worlds often indistinct.

A major theme running throughout the novel is the treatment, subjugation, demonisation and conversely the romanticisation of women associated with or accused of violent crime; particularly by comparison to their male counterparts.

This is all about class, gender, age, sex and power and Margaret Atwood shines a light on the many issues central to a story such as this one and in doing so, deconstructs the assumptions/presumptions seemingly held about Grace Marks at that time – and by extension about so many cases since that time, has anything actually changed?

This is a dark, gloomy and murky world where fact blurs with fiction, guilt with innocence, sanity with madness, love with desire, memory with imagination, truth with auto-suggestion, victim with perpetrator, science with superstition, good with evil, life with death…

Atwood also provides us with a useful afterword, in which she outlines the ‘known facts’ (such as they are) concerning Grace Marks and the Kinnear/Montgomery murders. Atwood reiterates that ‘Alias Grace’ is although having its roots in fact, is overwhelmingly a work of fiction.

‘Alias Grace’ is a great novel, brilliantly written – highly recommended and not to be missed.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
**Minor Spoilers**

This book is as close to time travel and walking in the shoes of another person as it gets, perfect historical fiction based on a fascinating actual case of a 15 year old girl thrown into prison for a double homicide. Most of the story comes in from two perspectives, Grace Marks herself telling her story to a young MD/psychologist working to see if he can get her released from prison, and then from the young physician himself listening to her story, never sure he can truly trust her, yet physically drawn to her, in the meantime having his own weird personal life that mirrors some of the things Grace herself has gone through.

The authors writing is so beautiful, so perfect for the era (mid 1800s) full of metaphors of the colors red, blue and white, the icy burial of Graces mother at sea. There is attention to every little detail of the times, the smells, clothing, difficult working conditions of the servants and maids, the religious attitudes of the time, the early science of psychology, the conditions in the prisons, insane asylums, the gossip, the power of men, the sad position of some of the women, the life of the entitled and affluent versus the life of the unentitled, our little Grace, who has done an amazing job of surviving the dozens of trials of her life.

In the end, it doesnt really matter how involved she was or wasnt in the murders. What matters is that her spirit was never broken and she made it through extreme conditions with the help of some great people and she did it with Grace. I love Grace.

Throughout the book I was most happy that we now have air conditioning. I always laughed when Grace talked about certain people doing or saying @coarse@ things. The relationship our little do good physician had with his landlady was hilarious and sad at the same time. Oh how we have mixed emotions and impulses as humans.

This was a great 5 star read for me and Im so glad to find Margaret Atwood.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
Virtuöz Atwood

Bir kez daha şunu anladım ki Atwood, yazım dili, zekası, karakterlerinin iç dünyasını aktarımı, olayları çok katmanlılığı şekilde bölebilme yeteneği, sizi karakterin beynine yönlendirebilmesi ve kendi zekasını yazdığı her diyalog içinde kararlı şekilde devam ettirebilmesi..vs açısından günümüzdeki en etkili kadın yazarlarından birisi. Nam-ı Diğer Gracede bunların hepsinin bir anda olması okur açısından müthiş lezzetli bir okuma deneyimi yaşatıyor.

Yaşanmış bir olayın yeniden inşası

Nam-ı Diğer Gracede Atwood bizlere hem 1840ların edebiyat yazım şeklini, mektuplar ve resmi evrakların eklenmesiyle okurlar karakterler arasında bağ kurulmasını sağlayarak hem de olayların akışında okura bir nevi aktif olarak olayların olduğu dönemi gözler önünde yeniden şekillendiriyor.Bunun yanında, kitabın içinde olan hiçbir olayı değiştirmeden aktaran Atwood, kitabın ana karakteri olan 16 yaşındaki katil olmakla suçlanan Gracein hikayesini anlatılan olaylar içinde tez ve antitez olarak okura sorgulatıyor.

Atwoodun toplumsal konuları eleştiren kitaplarında fark ettiğim genellikle anlatım sürecinde ritim akışı oluyordu. Nam-ı Diğer Gracede benzer bir durum söz konusu. Kitap çok inanılmaz hızlı hareket ederken ortalarına doğru kitlenip sonra tekrardan muazzam bir açılma ile sonlandı.

Sonuç

Atwood, okura empati duygusunu inanılmaz şekilde düşündüren bir yazar. Ciddi bir şekilde objektif olarak suçlu, katil, delilik ( aynı zamanda modernist manada normallik ve anormallik) ve masum kavramlarını tartışan çok başarılı bir kitap.

İyi okumalar
10/8



مشاهده لینک اصلی
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